The Jews of Husiatyn, who arrived here as early as 1577, eventually constituted two-thirds of the population. Many found success as merchants and craftspeople. The community faced hardship in the 1620’s and 1648’s during blood libel pogroms and the brutal Cossack uprising, respectively. When raids were launched, the Jews of Husiatyn would take shelter in their imposing fortress-synagogue on a steep hill along the river’s edge. In the nineteenth century, the founding of Rebbe Mordechai Shraga-Bar’s court and yeshiva brought hundreds of Hasidim to Husaityn and elevated it to a place of renown in Hasidic Judaism. By the turn of the twentieth century, the town’s Jewish population surpassed 4,200 out of more than 6,000 residents, among them the Auerbachs, who made their living in the trade of staples such as wheat, eggs, and produce.